The highest governing body of the Association is the General Assembly, which convenes every year. All members are eligible to serve on the Board of Directors and committees of the Association.
In each major hospital or other health care institutions at least one employee acts as a representative of the Icelandic Nurses´ Association. Their responsibility is to make sure that members´ rights are upheld.
Within the Icelandic Nursing Association 24 professional sections operate. They operate to the advancement of nursing in the area concerned and act as advisors to the Governing Board and committees of the Association.
The professional sections operating are for example pediatric nurses, emergency nurses, rehabilitation nurses, psychiatric nurses, critical care nurses, public health nurses, heart nurses, nurse managers, endoscopic nurses and oncology nurses.
The Association also has local sections operating in local areas of Iceland. The local sections operate to the advancement of nursing in their community and act as advisors to the Governing Board and committees of the Association.
The Association has appointed various committees and fund administrations, such as a negotiating committee, ad hoc committees, the science fund board of administration and the vacation fund board of administration.
The Association publishes a journal, that includes reviewed scientific articles, clinical article and news.
The INA collaborates with the professional unions of midwives, physicians and nursing assistants on matters concerning the joint interests of their members. This is, however, not on a regular basis, but encourages more wide-ranging discussions on important issues.
The Icelandic Nurses´Association is a member of the Northern Nurses´Federation (SSN), the European Federation of Nurses (EFN), the International Council of Nurses (ICN).